Chemistry Of Aromatic And Aliphatic Heterocyclic Compounds Pdf


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chemistry of aromatic and aliphatic heterocyclic compounds pdf

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Heterocyclic Chemistry. Compounds classified as heterocyclic probably constitute the largest and most varied family of organic compounds. After all, every carbocyclic compound, regardless of structure and functionality, may in principle be converted into a collection of heterocyclic analogs by replacing one or more of the ring carbon atoms with a different element. Even if we restrict our consideration to oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur the most common heterocyclic elements , the permutations and combinations of such a replacement are numerous. Devising a systematic nomenclature system for heterocyclic compounds presented a formidable challenge, which has not been uniformly concluded.

Heterocyclic compound

In chemistry , aromaticity is a property of cyclic ring-shaped , planar flat structures with pi bonds in resonance those containing delocalized electrons that gives increased stability compared to other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms. Aromatic rings are very stable and do not break apart easily. Organic compounds that are not aromatic are classified as aliphatic compounds —they might be cyclic , but only aromatic rings have enhanced stability. Since the most common aromatic compounds are derivatives of benzene an aromatic hydrocarbon common in petroleum and its distillates , the word aromatic occasionally refers informally to benzene derivatives, and so it was first defined. Nevertheless, many non-benzene aromatic compounds exist.

Heterocyclic Chemistry

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T. Gilchrist. • Aromatic Heterocyclic Chemistry – D. T. Davies “5+1” Strategy. • 1,5-Dicarbonyl compounds can be prepared by Michael addition of enones.


Heterocyclic Chemistry

This appendix provides information about the composition and chemistry of PHC fuels and their vapors. This information may be used to identify certain petroleum chemicals that pose the greatest potential risks through PVI. The chemicals that make up PHCs can be divided into two general groups: aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Aliphatic compounds are composed of straight-chained, branched, or cyclic compounds and can be saturated alkanes or unsaturated alkenes, alkynes, and others , whereas aromatic compounds have one or more conjugated, benzene or heterocyclic rings within their structures. Some examples of aliphatic and aromatic compounds are shown in Figure C

Chemistry of Petroleum

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Heterocyclic compound

Heterocyclic compound , also called heterocycle , any of a major class of organic chemical compounds characterized by the fact that some or all of the atoms in their molecules are joined in rings containing at least one atom of an element other than carbon C. In their general structure, heterocyclic compounds resemble cyclic organic compounds that incorporate only carbon atoms in the rings—for example, cyclopropane with a three-carbon-atom ring or benzene with a six-carbon-atom ring —but the presence of the heteroatoms gives heterocyclic compounds physical and chemical properties that are often quite distinct from those of their all-carbon-ring analogs. Heterocyclic compounds include many of the biochemical material essential to life. For example, nucleic acids , the chemical substances that carry the genetic information controlling inheritance, consist of long chains of heterocyclic units held together by other types of materials. Many naturally occurring pigments , vitamins , and antibiotics are heterocyclic compounds, as are most hallucinogens. Modern society is dependent on synthetic heterocycles for use as drugs , pesticides , dyes , and plastics. The most common heterocycles are those having five- or six-membered rings and containing heteroatoms of nitrogen N , oxygen O , or sulfur S.

However, this reaction proceeds slowly, which is inconvenient dangerous since hot, conc. See full list on byjus. In contrast to compounds that exhibit aromaticity, aliphatic compounds lack this delocalization. Phenol, which is a benzine ring with a hydroxyl group attached to it.

Heterocyclic compound , also called heterocycle , any of a major class of organic chemical compounds characterized by the fact that some or all of the atoms in their molecules are joined in rings containing at least one atom of an element other than carbon C. In their general structure, heterocyclic compounds resemble cyclic organic compounds that incorporate only carbon atoms in the rings—for example, cyclopropane with a three-carbon-atom ring or benzene with a six-carbon-atom ring —but the presence of the heteroatoms gives heterocyclic compounds physical and chemical properties that are often quite distinct from those of their all-carbon-ring analogs. Heterocyclic compounds include many of the biochemical material essential to life. For example, nucleic acids , the chemical substances that carry the genetic information controlling inheritance, consist of long chains of heterocyclic units held together by other types of materials. Many naturally occurring pigments , vitamins , and antibiotics are heterocyclic compounds, as are most hallucinogens.

Revised+chemistry+of+Heterocyclic+compounds

Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C 5 H 5 N. It is a highly flammable, weakly alkaline , water-miscible liquid with a distinctive, unpleasant fish-like smell. Pyridine is colorless, but older or impure samples can appear yellow. The pyridine ring occurs in many important compounds, including agrochemicals , pharmaceuticals , and vitamins.

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