National Commission Of Water Women And Water Report PdfBy Prudenciano A. In and pdf 20.05.2021 at 20:03 5 min read
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- Flood and Drought Management through Water Resources Development in India
It allows you to customize your query by commodity, location, or time period. Quick Stats Lite provides a more structured approach to get commonly requested statistics from our online database. Understanding Agricultural Statistics.
An IPCC Special Report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems. Executive Summary. Land, including its water bodies, provides the basis for human livelihoods and well-being through primary productivity, the supply of food, freshwater, and multiple other ecosystem services high confidence. Land and its biodiversity also represent essential, intangible benefits to humans, such as cognitive and spiritual enrichment, sense of belonging and aesthetic and recreational values.
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The National Commission on Farmers, chaired by Prof. Swaminathan, submitted five reports through the period December - October Following from the first four, the final report focused on causes of famer distresses and the rise in farmer suicides, and recommends addressing them through a holistic national policy for farmers.
The findings and recommendations encompass issues of access to resources and social security entitlements. This summary is a quick reference point highlighting the key findings and policy recommendations under land reforms, irrigation, credit and insurance, food security, employment, productivity of agriculture and farmer competitiveness. The fifth and final report was submitted on October 4, Agrarian distress has led farmers to commit suicide in recent years.
The major causes of the agrarian crisis are: unfinished agenda in land reform, quantity and quality of water, technology fatigue, access, adequacy and timeliness of institutional credit, and opportunities for assured and remunerative marketing.
Adverse meteorological factors add to these problems. Farmers need to have assured access and control over basic resources, which include land, water, bioresources, credit and insurance, technology and knowledge management, and markets.
Land reforms are necessary to address the basic issue of access to land for both crops and livestock. Land holdings inequality is reflected in land ownership. NSS Report Out of the gross sown area of million ha, rainfed agriculture contributes to 60 per cent of the gross cropped area and 45 per cent of the total agricultural output. The report recommends:. Apart from the size of holding, the productivity levels primarily determine the income of the farmers.
However, the per unit area productivity of Indian agriculture is much lower than other major crop producing countries. Therefore, the decline in per capita foodgrain availability and its unequal distribution have serious implications for food security in both rural and urban areas. Several studies have shown that the poverty is concentrated and food deprivation is acute in predominantly rural areas with limited resources such as rain-fed agricultural areas.
In the last few years, a large number of farmers have committed suicide. The NCF has underlined the need to address the farmer suicide problem on a priority basis. It is imperative to raise the agricultural competitiveness of farmers with small land holdings. Productivity improvement to increase the marketable surplus must be linked to assured and remunerative marketing opportunities. Structural change in the workforce is taking place in India albeit slowly.
In , the percentage of the workforce in agriculture was But agriculture still provides the bulk of employment in the rural areas. The overall employment strategy in India must seek to achieve two things. The measures to do so include:. Rural people in India depend on a wide range of bioresources for their nutrition and livelihood security.
Skip to main content. Swaminathan Report: National Commission on Farmers. Terms of Reference The NCF is mandated to make suggestions on issues such as: a medium-term strategy for food and nutrition security in the country in order to move towards the goal of universal food security over time; enhancing productivity, profitability, and sustainability of the major farming systems of the country; policy reforms to substantially increase flow of rural credit to all farmers; special programmes for dryland farming for farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions, as well as for farmers in hilly and coastal areas; enhancing the quality and cost competitiveness of farm commodities so as to make them globally competitive; protecting farmers from imports when international prices fall sharply; empowering elected local bodies to effectively conserve and improve the ecological foundations for sustainable agriculture; Key Findings and Recommendations Causes for farmers' distress Agrarian distress has led farmers to commit suicide in recent years.
Land Reforms Land reforms are necessary to address the basic issue of access to land for both crops and livestock. Ensure grazing rights and seasonal access to forests to tribals and pastoralists, and access to common property resources. Establish a National Land Use Advisory Service, which would have the capacity to link land use decisions with ecological meteorological and marketing factors on a location and season specific basis. Set up a mechanism to regulate the sale of agricultural land, based on quantum of land, nature of proposed use and category of buyer.
Irrigation Out of the gross sown area of million ha, rainfed agriculture contributes to 60 per cent of the gross cropped area and 45 per cent of the total agricultural output. The report recommends: A comprehensive set of reforms to enable farmers to have sustained and equitable access to water.
Increase water supply through rainwater harvesting and recharge of the aquifer should become mandatory. Productivity of Agriculture Apart from the size of holding, the productivity levels primarily determine the income of the farmers. A national network of advanced soil testing laboratories with facilities for detection of micronutrient deficiencies. Promotion of conservation farming, which will help farm families to conserve and improve soil health, water quantity and quality and biodiversity.
Credit and Insurance Timely and adequate supply of credit is a basic requirement of small farm families. The NCF suggests: Expand the outreach of the formal credit system to reach the really poor and needy.
Reduce rate of interest for crop loans to 4 per cent simple, with government support. Moratorium on debt recovery, including loans from non-institutional sources, and waiver of interest on loans in distress hotspots and during calamities, till capability is restored.
Establish an Agriculture Risk Fund to provide relief to farmers in the aftermath of successive natural calamities.
Develop an integrated credit-cum-crop-livestock-human health insurance package. Expand crop insurance cover to cover the entire country and all crops, with reduced premiums and create a Rural Insurance Development Fund to take up development work for spreading rural insurance.
Promote sustainable livelihoods for the poor by improving i Financial services ii Infrastructure iii Investments in human development, agriculture and business development services including productivity enhancement, local value addition, and alternate market linkages and iv Institutional development services forming and strengthening producers' organisations such as self-help groups and water user associations.
The report recommends: Implement a universal public distribution system. Reorganise the delivery of nutrition support programmes on a life-cycle basis with the participation of Panchayats and local bodies.
Eliminate micronutrient deficiency induced hidden hunger through an integrated food cum fortification approach. Help small and marginal farmers to improve the productivity, quality and profitability of farm enterprises and organize a Rural Non-Farm Livelihood Initiative. By increasing demand for foodgrains as a result of increased consumption by the poor, the economic conditions essential for further agricultural progress can be created.
Prevention of Farmers' Suicides In the last few years, a large number of farmers have committed suicide. Some of measures suggested include: Provide affordable health insurance and revitalize primary healthcare centres. The National Rural Health Mission should be extended to suicide hotspot locations on priority basis. Set up State level Farmers' Commission with representation of farmers for ensuring dynamic government response to farmers' problems.
Restructure microfinance policies to serve as Livelihood Finance, i. Cover all crops by crop insurance with the village and not block as the unit for assessment. Provide for a Social Security net with provision for old age support and health insurance. Promote aquifer recharge and rain water conservation. Decentralise water use planning and every village should aim at Jal Swaraj with Gram Sabhas serving as Pani Panchayats.
Ensure availability of quality seed and other inputs at affordable costs and at the right time and place. Recommend low risk and low cost technologies which can help to provide maximum income to farmers because they cannot cope with the shock of crop failure, particularly those associated with high cost technologies like Bt cotton.
Have a Price Stabilisation Fund in place to protect the farmers from price fluctuations. Need swift action on import duties to protect farmers from international price.
These can provide dynamic and demand driven information on all aspects of agricultural and non-farm livelihoods and also serve as guidance centres. Public awareness campaigns to make people identify early signs of suicidal behavior. Competitiveness of Farmers It is imperative to raise the agricultural competitiveness of farmers with small land holdings. The measures suggested by NCF include: Promotion of commodity-based farmers' organisations such as Small Cotton Farmers' Estates to combine decentralised production with centralised services such as post-harvest management, value addition and marketing, for leveraging institutional support and facilitating direct farmer-consumer linkage.
Arrangements for MSP need to be put in place for crops other than paddy and wheat. Also, millets and other nutritious cereals should be permanently included in the PDS.
State Agriculture Produce Marketing Committee Acts [APMC Acts] relating to marketing, storage and processing of agriculture produce need to shift to one that promotes grading, branding, packaging and development of domestic and international markets for local produce, and move towards a Single Indian Market.
Employment Structural change in the workforce is taking place in India albeit slowly. The measures to do so include: Accelerating the rate of growth of the economy; Emphasizing on relatively more labour intensive sectors and inducing a faster growth of these sectors; and Improving the functioning of the labour markets through such modification as may be necessary without eroding the core labour standards.
Encourage non-farm employment opportunities by developing particular sectors and sub-sectors where demand for the product or services is growing namely: i trade, ii restaurants and hotels, iii transport, iv construction, v repairs and vi certain services. The "net take home income" of farmers should be comparable to those of civil servants. Bioresources Rural people in India depend on a wide range of bioresources for their nutrition and livelihood security. The report recommends: Preserving traditional rights of access to biodiversity, which include access to non-timber forest products including medicinal plants, gums and resins, oil yielding plants and beneficial micro-organisms; Conserving, enhancing and improving crops and farm animals as well as fish stocks through breeding; Encouraging community-based breed conservation i.
The right of all users to the benefits gained from the use of water also needs to be considered when making water allocations. Benefits may include enjoyment of resources through recreational use or the financial benefits generated from the use of water for economic purposes. This requires that the most economically efficient option is selected. The economic value is not only about price — it should consider current and future social and environmental costs and benefits. Achieving this criterion also requires that land uses and developments that negatively impact these systems are avoided or limited. Operationally, IWRM approaches involve applying knowledge from various disciplines as well as the insights from diverse stakeholders to devise and implement efficient, equitable and sustainable solutions to water and development problems.
The National Planning Commission NPC is the apex advisory body of the Government of Nepal for formulating a national vision, periodic plans and policies for development. It is headed by the Right Honorable Prime Minister. The NPC assesses resource needs, identifies sources of funding, and allocates budget for socio-economic development. It serves as a central agency for monitoring and evaluating development plans, policies and programs. The NPC also serves as an intellectual hub for the exchange of new development ideas and proposals from scholars, private sector, civil society, and development partners. At present, the NPC has one full-time Vice-Chairman, eight members, and one Member-Secretary who also heads a fully staffed secretariat. Each Division is further divided into Sections headed by an Under-Secretary.
Water quality analysis is of extremely necessary. Many state environmental or public-health agencies provide information and recommendations for homeowners about testing and water-quality of domestic wells. Biological Indicators Biological monitoring metrics is the simplest and least expensive method. The meeting recognized the value of and need for risk-based approaches in standard-setting and drinking-water quality surveillance as it leads to targeted and resource-effective approaches and thus to better protection of public health. Ideally, a laboratory infrastructure should be established which will enable all samples to be returned to a central or regional Even in developing countries poorly served by roads and transportation, it is usually possible to devise a rational sampling and analytical strategy. Also top stories from business, politics, health, science, technology, music, arts and culture. Labs test drinking water samples for total coliform.
Flood and Drought Management through Water Resources Development in India
Jump to navigation. British poet W. This widespread problem of water pollution is jeopardizing our health.
The National Commission on Farmers, chaired by Prof. Swaminathan, submitted five reports through the period December - October Following from the first four, the final report focused on causes of famer distresses and the rise in farmer suicides, and recommends addressing them through a holistic national policy for farmers. The findings and recommendations encompass issues of access to resources and social security entitlements. This summary is a quick reference point highlighting the key findings and policy recommendations under land reforms, irrigation, credit and insurance, food security, employment, productivity of agriculture and farmer competitiveness.
Availability of freshwater globally however, is limited. Out of the 2. The distribution of the water thus available is not uniform and is highly uneven in both space and time.
The National Commission for Women NCW is the statutory body of the Government of India , generally concerned with advising the government on all policy matters affecting women. It was established in 31 January under the provisions of the Indian Constitution ,  as defined in the National Commission for Women Act. As of 30 November , Rekha Sharma is the chairperson. The objective of the NCW is to represent the rights of women in India and to provide a voice for their issues and concerns. The subjects of their campaigns have included dowry , politics, religion, equal representation for women in jobs, and the exploitation of women for labour.
Today, Africa has around 1. The continent has a huge potential to reduce poverty, enhance the energy efficiency, and mitigate climate risks by sustainably managing and using its abundant natural resources like water. However, access to clean and affordable water is a privilege.
Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. Water Research has an open access mirror journal Water Research X , sharing the same aims and scope, editorial team, submission system and rigorous peer review. Water Research publishes refereed, original research papers on all aspects of the science and technology of the anthropogenic water cycle, water Water Research publishes refereed, original research papers on all aspects of the science and technology of the anthropogenic water cycle, water quality, and its management worldwide.
Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Social Determinants of Health objectives and other Healthy People topic areas. Health starts in our homes, schools, workplaces, neighborhoods, and communities. We know that taking care of ourselves by eating well and staying active, not smoking, getting the recommended immunizations and screening tests, and seeing a doctor when we are sick all influence our health. Our health is also determined in part by access to social and economic opportunities; the resources and supports available in our homes, neighborhoods, and communities; the quality of our schooling; the safety of our workplaces; the cleanliness of our water, food, and air; and the nature of our social interactions and relationships.
The Sustainable Development Goals SDGs or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". They are included in a UN Resolution called the Agenda or what is colloquially known as Agenda The resolution identifies specific targets for each goal, along with indicators that are being used to measure progress toward each target.