Causes Symptoms And Prevention Of Malaria Pdf


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21.05.2021 at 14:55
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causes symptoms and prevention of malaria pdf

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Global Health and Underserved Populations Program

NCBI Bookshelf. Baron S, editor. Medical Microbiology. James M. Crutcher and Stephen L. Plasmodia are protozoa. Only the species Plasmodium falciparum , P vivax , P malariae, and P ovale are usually infectious for humans.

Malaria: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that affects humans and other animals. Malaria is caused by single-celled microorganisms of the Plasmodium group. The risk of disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites through the use of mosquito nets and insect repellents or with mosquito-control measures such as spraying insecticides and draining standing water. The disease is widespread in the tropical and subtropical regions that exist in a broad band around the equator. The signs and symptoms of malaria typically begin 8—25 days following infection, [11] but may occur later in those who have taken antimalarial medications as prevention. The classic symptom of malaria is paroxysm —a cyclical occurrence of sudden coldness followed by shivering and then fever and sweating, occurring every two days tertian fever in P. Severe malaria is usually caused by P.

Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease. The Anopheles mosquito transmits it to humans. The parasites in mosquitos that spread malaria belong to the Plasmodium genus. Over types of Plasmodium parasite can infect a variety of species. Different types replicate at different rates, changing how quickly the symptoms escalate, and the severity of the disease.

Malaria is a serious disease which occurs almost exclusively in the tropics and subtropics. It is caused by infection with a parasite called Plasmodium, which is spread through the bite of female mosquitoes that carry it. However, the Eastern Mediterranean, Oceania, and the Americas are also risk areas. The main symptoms of malaria are fever and a flu-like illness. If a person experiences symptoms of malaria after traveling to an affected area see map of affected areas , they should consult a medical practitioner as quickly as possible.


Falciparum malaria may be fatal if treatment is delayed beyond 24 hours after the lab591.org).


What to know about malaria

Malaria , serious relapsing infection in humans, characterized by periodic attacks of chills and fever, anemia , splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen , and often fatal complications. It is caused by one-celled parasites of the genus Plasmodium that are transmitted to humans by the bite of Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria can occur in temperate regions, but it is most common in the tropics and subtropics. In many parts of sub-Saharan Africa , entire populations are infected more or less constantly. The disease also occurs in countries bordering on the Mediterranean, in the Middle East , and in East Asia.

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite. The parasite is spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People who have malaria usually feel very sick with a high fever and shaking chills. While the disease is uncommon in temperate climates, malaria is still common in tropical and subtropical countries.

5 Comments

Paul C.
22.05.2021 at 05:43 - Reply

Infection with malaria parasites may result in a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from absent or very mild symptoms to severe disease and even death.

Sylvia S.
22.05.2021 at 15:13 - Reply

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans.

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DomГ©nica A.
23.05.2021 at 02:22 - Reply

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that gets passed into the bloodstream of humans by the bite of an infected mosquito.

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