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Modern Physical Chemistry pp Cite as. This must generally be neither too slow nor too fast.
Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics
Presents a balanced presentation of the macroscopic view of empirical kinetics and the microscopic molecular viewpoint of chemical dynamics. Stressing interconnections between phenomenological chemical kinetics and molecular reaction dynamics, the book discusses reactions in gas phase, liquids, and at surfaces; molecular potential surfaces; gas-gas and gas-surface theories applied to reactive collisions. It features applications to atmospheric chemistry, combustion, and chemical lasers as well as multiple methods for solving kinetic equations. It also addresses topics not found in other books: Information theory, Stochastic simulation, and Sensitivity analysis. It provides an experimental observation of the transition state "Femtochemistry" ; new treatment of stratospheric chemistry, including heterogeneous processes, balance among catalytic cycles, environmental consequences, and policy implications as well as current database information on NIST kinetics as well as JPL evaluations.
Appropriate for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate-level chemistry and chemical engineering courses in kinetics, chemical kinetics, and molecular interpretation. This 1 selling book offers a balanced presentation of the macroscopic view of empirical kinetics and the microscopic molecular viewpoint of chemical dynamics. NEW - Revised to include the most up-to-date information throughout. Revised to include the most up-to-date information throughout. Basic Concepts of Kinetics. Complex Reactions.
Chemical kinetics , also known as reaction kinetics , is the branch of physical chemistry that is concerned with understanding the rates of chemical reactions. It is to be contrasted with thermodynamics, which deals with the direction in which a process occurs but in itself tells nothing about its rate. Chemical kinetics includes investigations of how experimental conditions influence the speed of a chemical reaction and yield information about the reaction's mechanism and transition states , as well as the construction of mathematical models that also can describe the characteristics of a chemical reaction. In , Peter Waage and Cato Guldberg pioneered the development of chemical kinetics by formulating the law of mass action , which states that the speed of a chemical reaction is proportional to the quantity of the reacting substances. Relatively simple rate laws exist for zero order reactions for which reaction rates are independent of concentration , first order reactions , and second order reactions , and can be derived for others. Elementary reactions follow the law of mass action , but the rate law of stepwise reactions has to be derived by combining the rate laws of the various elementary steps, and can become rather complex. In consecutive reactions, the rate-determining step often determines the kinetics.
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The chapters in this section deal with the rates and mechanisms of chemical change. Levine Unimolecular Reactions, K. Steinfeld, J. Chemistry Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics! Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics brings together the major facts and theories relating to the rates with which chemical reactions occur from both the macroscopic and microscopic point of view. Houston" is available.
Get this from a library! Chemical kinetics and dynamics. [Jeffrey I Steinfeld; Joseph Salvadore Francisco; William L Hase] -- Presents a balanced presentation of.
Phenomenological Chemical Kinetics
Chemical Kinetics bridges the gap between beginner and specialist with a path that leads the reader from the phenomenological approach to the rates of chemical reactions to the state-of-the-art calculation of the rate constants of the most prevalent reactions: atom transfers, catalysis, proton transfers, substitution reactions, energy transfers and electron transfers. For the beginner provides the basics: the simplest concepts, the fundamental experiments, and the underlying theories. For the specialist shows where sophisticated experimental and theoretical methods combine to offer a panorama of time-dependent molecular phenomena connected by a new rational. Chemical Kinetics goes far beyond the qualitative description: with the guidance of theory, the path becomes a reaction path that can actually be inspected and calculated.
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